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What to Read for NABARD Grade A - ESI and ARD (To Do List)

 What to Read for NABARD Grade A Economic and Social Issue, Agriculture and Rural Development for NABARD Grade A 2022 Prelim and Mains Exam. Most of you have doubts about it what to read and where to read. Lets simplify everything for once and all through this Article.

What to Read for NABARD Grade A - ESI and ARD

Detailed NABARD Grade A Syllabus & Exam Pattern 2022: The NABARD Grade A syllabus is segregated into prelims and mains. The candidates must get complete knowledge of the topics to land the aspired job. Also learn about NABARD Grade A Prelims Exam Pattern 2022

NABARD Grade A 2022: Prelim Exam Pattern

S. No.

Name of Test

Number of Questions

Maximum Marks

Total Time


Reasoning Ability



Composite time of 120 minutes (2 hours)


Decision Making




English Language




Computer Knowledge




General Awareness




Quantitative Aptitude




Economic & Social Issues (with focus on Rural India)




Agriculture & Rural Development (with focus on Rural India)







NABARD Grade A 2022: Mains Exam Pattern

This is an objective and descriptive type online test. Now, Let’s understand the NABARD Grade-A Exam Pattern for Mains Exam which is consists of

Paper I – Common for all posts

Paper-II – Different for all posts

Given below is the detailed exam pattern of the NABARD Grade-A officer mains exam. 

Separate Admission Letters will be issued for Paper - I and Paper - II (Conducted in two shifts with a gap of One Hour). The time-table for Phase-II will be intimated to the candidates concerned along with Admission Letter for Phase-II. 


Name of Test

No. of Questions

Maximum Marks

Total Time

Paper I (Descriptive Test)

General English: The analytical and drafting abilities of the candidate will be assessed through this Paper comprising essay writing, comprehension, report writing, paragraph writing & letter writing.



90 minutes

Paper-II (Specific Stream Paper)

Economic & Social Issues and Agriculture & Rural Development (with focus on Rural India) - Objective



30 minutes

Paper on related discipline - Descriptive

6 questions will be asked, of which candidates will be required to attempt 4 questions [2 of 15 marks each and 2 of 10 marks each] 


90 minutes

NABARD Grade A: Economics and Social Issue: Unit Wise Syllabus

The questions in this section are centered on the topics such as inflation, the nature of the Indian economy, population trends, rural banking and financial institutions in India, globalization of the economy, education, and social structure in India. You can take a look at the important topics of the NABARD Grade A syllabus to be able to get through the selection process.

Topic Name

Syllabus Detail

Nature of Indian Economy

  • Structural and Institutional features
  • Economic Underdevelopment
  • Opening up the Indian Economy
  • Globalization
  • Economic Reforms in India
  • Privatization.


  • Trends in Inflation & their Impact on National Economy and Individual Income.

Poverty Alleviation and Employment Generation in India

  • Rural and Urban
  • Measurement of Poverty
  • Poverty Alleviation Programmes of the Government.

Population Trends

  • Population Growth and Economic Development
  • Population Policy in India. 


  • Characteristics / Status
  • Technical and Institutional changes in Indian Agriculture 
  • Agricultural performance
  • Issues in Food Security in India
  • Non-Institutional and Institutional Agencies in rural credit.


  • Industrial and Labour Policy
  • Industrial performance
  • Regional Imbalance in India's Industrial Development
  • Public Sector Enterprises.

Rural banking and financial institutions in India

  • Reforms in the Banking/ Financial sector.

Globalization of Economy

  • Role of International Funding Institutions
  • IMF & World Bank
  • WTO
  • Regional Economic Co-operation.

Social Structure in India

  • Multiculturalism
  • Demographic trends
  • Urbanization and Migration
  • Gender Issues Joint family system
  • Social Infrastructure
  • Education
  • Health and Environment. 


  • Status & System of Education
  • Socio-Economic Problems associated with Illiteracy
  • Educational relevance and educational wastage
  • Educational Policy for India.

Social Justice

  • Problems of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes
  • Socio-economic programs for scheduled castes and scheduled tribes and other backward classes.

Positive Discrimination in favor of the underprivileged

  • Social Movements
  • Indian Political Systems
  • Human Development

 NABARD Grade A: Agriculture and Rural Development: Unit Wise Syllabus

The topics in the NABARD Grade A syllabus for agriculture and rural development centers the questions on agriculture, soil and water conservation, water resource, Irrigation, Agriculture Extension, Rural Development and Panchayat Raj etc. 

Topic Name 



  • Definition, meaning, and its branches
  • Agronomy: Definition, meaning, and scope of agronomy.
  • Classification of field crops.
  • Factors affecting crop production
  • Agro Climatic Zones
  • Cropping Systems: Definition and types of cropping systems.
  • Problems of dry land - Seed production, seed processing, seed village
  • Meteorology: weather parameters, crop-weather advisory
  • Precision Farming
  • System of Crop Intensification
  • Organic farming

Soil and Water Conservation

  • Major soil types
  • Soil fertility
  • Fertilizers
  • Soil erosion
  • Soil conservation
  • Watershed management

Water Resource

  • Irrigation Management
  • Types of irrigation
  • Sources of irrigation
  • Crop-water requirement
  • Command area development
  • Water conservation techniques
  • Micro-irrigation
  • Irrigation pumps
  • Major, medium, and minor irrigation.

Farm and Agri Engineering

  • Farm Machinery and Power
  • Sources of power on the farm- human, animal, mechanical, electrical, wind, solar and biomass, biofuels
  • Water harvesting structures
  • Farm Ponds
  • Agro-Processing
  • Controlled and modified storage, perishable food storage, godowns, bins, and grain silos.

Plantation & Horticulture

  • Definition, meaning, and its branches
  • Agronomic practices and production technology of various plantation and horticulture crops
  • Post-harvest management, value and supply chain management of Plantation and Horticulture crops.

Animal Husbandry

  • Farm animals and their role in the Indian economy
  • Animal husbandry methods in India
  • Common terms pertaining to different species of livestock
  • Utility classification of breeds of cattle.
  • Introduction to common feeds and fodders, their classification, and utility.
  • Introduction to the poultry industry in India (past, present, and future status)
  • Common terms pertaining to poultry production and management
  • The concept of mixed farming and its relevance to socio-economic conditions of farmers in India
  • Complimentary and obligatory nature of livestock and poultry production with that of agricultural farming.


  • Fisheries resources
  • Management and exploitation - freshwater, brackish water, and marine
  • Aquaculture- Inland and marine
  • Biotechnology
  • Post-harvest technology
  • Importance of fisheries in India
  • Common terms pertaining to fish production.


  • Basic concepts of Forest and Forestry
  • Principles of silviculture, forest mensuration, forest management, and forest economics
  • Concepts of social forestry, agroforestry, joint forest management
  • Forest policy and legislation in India, India State of Forest Report 2015
  • Recent developments under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change.

Agriculture Extensions

  • Its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programs
  • Role of Krishi Vigyan Kendra's (KVK) in the dissemination of Agricultural technologies.

Ecology and Climate Change

  • Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, sustainable management, and conservation
  • Causes of climate change, Green House Gases (GHG), major GHG emitting countries, climate analysis
  • Distinguish between adaptation and mitigation
  • Climate change impact on agriculture and rural livelihoods
  • Carbon credit
  • IPCC, UNFCCC, CoP meetings
  • Funding mechanisms for climate change projects
  • Initiatives by Govt of India, NAPCC, SAPCC, INDC.

Present Scenario of Indian Agriculture and Allied activities

  • Recent trends
  • Major challenges in agriculture measures to enhance
  • Viability of agriculture
    Factors of Production in agriculture
  • Agricultural Finance and Marketing
  • Impact of Globalization on Indian Agriculture and issues of Food Security
  • Concept and Types of Farm Management.

Rural Development

  • Concept of Rural Area
  • Structure of the Indian Rural Economy
  • Importance and role of the rural sector in India
  • Economic, Social and Demographic Characteristics of the Indian rural economy
  • Causes of Rural Backwardness.
  • Rural population in India
  • Occupational structure
  • Farmers, Agricultural Laborers, Artisans, Handicrafts, Traders, Forest dwellers/tribes, and others in rural India
  • Trends of change in rural population and rural workforce
  • Problems and conditions of rural labour
  • Issues and challenges in Hand-looms
  • Panchayati Raj Institutions – Functions and Working.
  • MGNREGA, NRLM – Aajeevika, Rural Drinking water Programmes, Swachh Bharat, Rural Housing, PURA, and other rural development programs.

NABARD Grade A 2022: Past 4 Years Exam Analysis of ESI and ARD 

NABARD Grade A 2022: Past 4 Years Exam Analysis of ESI and ARD
NABARD Grade A 2022: Subject Wise Check List

Till now you must have understood, what is expected from you as an officer, now lets understand What to Read for NABARD Grade A 2022.

NABARD Grade A 2022: Economics and Social Issue (Same for Prelim and Mains)

I. Banking and Economy Current Affairs - Prepare Banking News specially RBI, SEBI and Other Regulatory Body in News on priority, also cover news related to Public sector and Private sector banks, GDP Data, Loans and Advances and news related to business sector.
  • Last 3-4 months for Prelim and 6-9 months for Mains exam.
II. Union Budget and Economic Survey: It is must even you can expect Questions in Descriptive Answer Writing, so cover all the terminology or anything new discussed in Economic Survey, do go through the gist of Union Budget, note down all the allocations to different ministry and flagship programs, see if any new programs have been launched. 
  • We have covered Budget and Economic Survey in Detail in our Jan and Feb PIB Summary PDF respectively.
III. Reports and Indices: Focus on RBI reports, NITI Aayog, any other national report then World Bank, IMF, OECD, UNDP, UN-DESA, UNCTAD, UNESCO (Related to Education) or any report which talk related to Poverty, Employment, Inequality, Education, Health, Status of Women and Economy.

IV. Government Schemes - Major Flagship programs of Govt of India, Programs which completed 2-7 years of launch anniversary, recently launched schemes in last one year and then Cover PIB summary from Jan 2022 - You can Buy PIB Summary from HereFor Flagship scheme make your own notes from Ministry website.
  • Related Ministry: Finance, MSME, Labour, Health, Education, Women, Social Justice, Tribal and Commerce.
V. Summits in News -  Cover all the Important summits like G20, G7, BIMSTEC, ASEAN, QUAD etc

NABARD Grade A 2021: Descriptive Questions

NABARD Grade A 2021: Descriptive Questions

NABARD Grade A 2022: What to do for ESI Descriptive Section:-

In NABARD Phase II Exam, ESI and ARD comes under single as mentioned above in syllabus although for better understanding and clarity, I'm providing you details separately.

Descriptive can be based on Current Topic which is connected to our syllabus like Rising Inflation, Unemployment, Poverty, Geopolitics and Various Groups like QUAD and Its recent initiatives, 12th WTO Ministerial summit, Recent Economic Reforms such as new labour Law, Sustainable Development and Climate Change, New FTA etc.

It can also be based on static topics mentioned in our syllabus, below are the priority chapters:-
  • Economic Growth and Development 
  • Poverty, Inequality and Unemployment
  • Sustainable Development and Environmental Issue
  • Labour Reforms 
  • Economic Reforms after 1991
  • Rural Credit 
  • Balance of Payment 
  • Inflation and Its Impact
  • WTO and Contemporary Issue
  • Regional Economic Partnership
NABARD Grade A: Agriculture and Rural Development (Same for Prelim and Mains)

Agriculture Static: It has significant weightage in Prelim and mains exam, so covering the basics of it is most important. You can refer any summary PDF or master notes, but if you have time follow any standard book either R K Sharma or Arun Katyan Vol-I (It covers only 3-4 Units)
  • Arun Katyan Vol - I: Agronomy (Means chapters under basic agriculture), Soil Science and Extension. Only these units are covered. R K Sharma covers more chapters.
  • Important Agriculture Static Topics – Basic Agriculture, Soil & Its Types, Fisheries, Animal Husbandry, Forestry, Irrigation Management, Agriculture Extension, Ecology and Climate Change.
Programs and Policies: Generally two types of programs are asked one is flagship programs and another are programs in news or recently lunched. For flagship cover it ministry wise and for In news use PIB Summary PDF. 
  • Agriculture Related Ministry - Agriculture, Rural Development, Panchayati Raj, Food Processing, Animal Husbandry, Jal Shakti, Environment and Climate Change, Consumer Affairs (Mainly Production, MSP and Procurement Data)
Agriculture Current Affairs: Not much comes from this segment, only 3-4 questions generally related to recent digital initiatives or some other news, before exam you will compilation, although I have covered till May 2022 in PIB Summary - May PDF.
Union Budget and Economic Survey: Budget Allocation for Various Agriculture Programs

Important Agriculture Focused Reports:-
  • NABARD Annual Report 2021-22 (FY22)
  • Agriculture Census 2015-16
  • Social Economic Caste Census 2011
  • 20th Livestock Census 2019-20
  • India State of Forest Report 2021
  • State Food Safety Index 2021

How to Join NABARD Grade A Telegram Channel for Updates and Study Materials

Step - 1. Download Telegram App From Play store.

Step - 2. Login with Your Mobile Number.

Step - 3. Search @agrilearn_nabard the Search Box to Join Group.

Step - 4. Click Here to Join

Thank You, Wishing you the best.

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